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Table. 1.

Table. 1.

Result of K-cluster analysis by defense style questionnaire

Variables Group 1 (n=206) Group 2 (n=266) Group 3 (n=147) Total (n=619) p value Bonferroni
Cluster scores
Maladaptive action 5.09 (1.18) 4.61 (0.94) 3.33 (1.08) 4.47 (1.25) <0.001 1>2>3
Image distorting 4.15 (1.05) 3.95 (0.93) 2.90 (1.00) 3.77 (1.10) <0.001 1, 2>3
Self sacrificing 3.75 (1.42) 4.12 (1.29) 3.73 (1.44) 3.91 (1.38) 0.003 2>1, 3
Adaptive action 3.85 (1.24) 4.15 (1.25) 3.73 (1.25) 3.95 (1.26) 0.002 2>1, 3
Defense mechanisms
Neurotic denial 3.43 (1.77) 3.33 (1.79) 2.32 (1.52) 3.12 (1.78) <0.001 1, 2>3
Nondelusional projection 3.93 (1.34) 3.65 (1.37) 2.74 (1.20) 3.53 (1.40) <0.001 1, 2>3
Passive aggression 7.09 (2.06) 7.75 (1.36) 3.64 (2.39) 6.56 (2.50) <0.001 2>1>3
Acting out 6.89 (1.55) 6.69 (1.45) 4.58 (1.88) 6.26 (1.85) <0.001 1, 2>3
Splitting of other image 4.17 (2.77) 4.80 (2.72) 3.57 (2.51) 4.30 (2.73) <0.001 2>1, 3
Projective identification 4.16 (2.65) 4.82 (2.60) 5.23 (2.69) 4.69 (2.67) 0.001 3, 2>1
Omnipotence 5.54 (1.97) 5.63 (1.95) 3.73 (2.18) 5.15 (2.16) <0.001 2, 1>3
Undoing 3.61 (2.39) 3.38 (2.40) 2.70 (2.07) 3.29 (2.34) 0.001 2, 1>3
Affiliation 8.14 (1.17) 1.18 (0.63) 1.24 (0.98) 3.51 (3.40) <0.001 1>3, 2
Somatization 3.09 (2.36) 3.12 (2.42) 1.80 (1.54) 2.80 (2.29) <0.001 2, 1>3
Hypochondriasis 2.20 (1.13) 2.44 (1.33) 1.90 (1.08) 2.23 (1.23) <0.001 2>3

Data are presented as mean (standard deviation). Group 1 characterized as high affiliation; Group 2 characterized as low affiliation; Group 3 characterized high projective identification

Psychoanal 2021;32:142-54 https://doi.org/10.18529/psychoanal.2021.32.4.142
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